cena

From Latin cēna.

See also: Cena, cená, cenà, cenâ, cenā, ceną, ċena, and cé na

Catalan

Etymology

Pronunciation

Noun

cena f (plural cenes)

  1. (Christianity, often capitalized) Ellipsis of Santa Cena; Last Supper
  2. (archaic) Synonym of sopar (supper)

Further reading


Czech

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology

From Old Czech cěna, from Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛna]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛna

Noun

cena f

  1. price
  2. prize

Declension

Related terms

verbs

Further reading

  • cena in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • cena in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • cena in Internetová jazyková příručka

Italian

Etymology

From Latin cēna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *kért-s-nh₂ (portion), from *ker-, *sker-. Compare Spanish cena and Portuguese ceia.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃe.na/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ena
  • Hyphenation: cé‧na

Noun

cena f (plural cene)

  1. dinner (evening meal)

Derived terms

Verb

cena

  1. inflection of cenare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

See also

Anagrams


Latin

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Latin cesna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā (compare Umbrian śesna, Oscan kersnu), from Proto-Indo-European *kért-sneh₂ (portion), from root *(s)kert- (to cut), from *(s)ker- (compare Lithuanian kérti, Armenian քերթել (kʿertʿel, to skin), Sanskrit कृन्तति (kṛntáti, he cuts (in pieces))).[1] Related to cortex, scortum.

Pronunciation

Noun

cēna f (genitive cēnae); first declension

  1. dinner, supper, principal meal (anciently taken at noon, afterwards later)
  2. (Medieval Latin, law, historical) gwestva (a duty levied by Welsh kings twice a year upon the free men of their kingdom)

Declension

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cēna cēnae
Genitive cēnae cēnārum
Dative cēnae cēnīs
Accusative cēnam cēnās
Ablative cēnā cēnīs
Vocative cēna cēnae

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: tsinã
    • Romanian: cină
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
    • Franco-Provençal: céna (dialectal)
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Insular Romance:
    • Sardinian: chena (Logudorese), cena (Campidanese)
Borrowings

Verb

cēnā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of cēnō

References

  • cena”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cena”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cena in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cena in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the main dish: caput cenae (Fin. 2. 8. 25)
    • to invite some one to dinner: aliquem vocare, invitare ad cenam
    • to accept an invitiation to dinner: promittere (ad cenam) (Off. 3. 14. 58)
    • during dinner; at table: inter cenam, inter epulas
    • to invite oneself to some one's house for dinner: condicere alicui (ad cenam)
    • to welcome some one to one's table: adhibere aliquem cenae or ad cenam, convivio or in convivium
    • to set a repast before a person: cenam alicui apponere
  • cena”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cena”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 106.

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Borrowed from Slavic *cěna.

Noun

cena f (4th declension)

  1. price

Declension


Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂, from *kʷey- (to pay), whence English pain and penalty.

Pronunciation

Noun

cena f

  1. price

Declension

Related terms

adjectives
adverbs
nouns
verbs

Further reading

  • cena in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • cena in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin scaena.

Pronunciation

 

Noun

cena f (plural cenas)

  1. scene
  2. stage
    Synonym: palco
    em cenaon stage
  3. (Portugal, informal) thing
    Synonyms: coisa, (Brazil) negócio

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:cena.


Serbo-Croatian

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t͡sěːna/
  • Hyphenation: ce‧na

Noun

céna f (Cyrillic spelling це́на)

  1. price
  2. value, worth

Declension

Derived terms


Slovak

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation

Noun

cena f (genitive singular ceny, nominative plural ceny, genitive plural cien, declension pattern of žena)

  1. price

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading

  • cena in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *cěna, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kainā́ˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation

Noun

cẹ́na f

  1. price (cost required to gain possession of something)

Inflection

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. céna
gen. sing. céne
singular dual plural
nominative céna céni céne
accusative céno céni céne
genitive céne cén cén
dative céni cénama cénam
locative céni cénah cénah
instrumental céno cénama cénami

Further reading

  • cena”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin cēna, from Proto-Italic *kertsnā, from Proto-Indo-European *kért-s-nh₂ (portion), from *ker-, *sker-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθena/ [ˈθe.na]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsena/ [ˈse.na]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ena
  • Hyphenation: ce‧na

Noun

cena f (plural cenas)

  1. supper, dinner

Related terms

Verb

cena

  1. inflection of cenar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading