Wiktionary:Foreign Word of the Day/2022/December

This is the December archive of the Foreign Word of the Day for the year of 2022.

1

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Foreign word of the day  in Arabic
دَاذِيّ (dāḏiyy) noun
  1. sap or resin of a tree
  2. St John's wort (Hypericum gen. et spp.)
  3. (obsolete, al-Andalus) Judas tree (Cercis siliquastrum)
  4. (obsolete, al-Andalus) Lecanora esculenta
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2

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Foreign word of the day  in Russian
коро́че (koróče) adverb
  1. (slang) in other words, long story short (as an introductory word)
  2. (slang) so, anyway (as an introductory word)
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3

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Foreign word of the day  in Maquiritari
anna noun
  1. central ground, central space, in particular:
    1. central room of a village roundhouse, where unmarried men sleep and ritual activities take place
    2. (in modern, more dispersed villages) central field of a village community where the roundhouse is located, or the roundhouse itself
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4

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Foreign word of the day  in Ancient Greek
σοφίζω (sophízō) verb
  1. to make wise, to instruct
    1. (passive) to become wise, clever, skilled
    2. (middle) to teach oneself, to learn
  2. (middle) to practice an art; to be subtle; to speculate
    1. (with accusative) to devise skillfully
    2. (with accusative of person) to deceive
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5

6

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Foreign word of the day  in Basque
adiakari noun
  1. weeper (particularly a hired mourner)
  2. screech owl, Eurasian scops owl (Otus scops)
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7

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Foreign word of the day  in Italian
bara noun
  1. bier (litter to transport the corpse of a dead person)
  2. coffin (box in which a person is buried)
  3. (obsolete) litter, stretcher
  4. (religion) a carriage used to transport a saint's relics
  5. an animal-drawn carriage typical of Tuscany and Liguria
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8

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Foreign word of the day  in Hindi
ढलना (ḍhalnā) verb
  1. to run down, pour out; flow; descend
  2. to tilt, lean
  3. to draw to a close
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9

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Foreign word of the day  in Czech
žít z ruky do huby verb
  1. to live paycheck to paycheck, to make just enough (money, etc.) to survive
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10

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Foreign word of the day  in Japanese
蟷螂の斧 (tōrō no ono) noun
  1. a reckless strike above one's strength or proper station
  2. a brave individual who faces stronger enemies
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11

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Foreign word of the day  in Turkish
yunus noun
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Focus week: Eponyms

12

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Foreign word of the day  in Italian
calepino noun
  1. large vocabulary (especially of Latin)
  2. weighty work of scholarship
  3. notebook
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The English Wiktionary was launched twenty years ago on this date; Focus week: Eponyms

13

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Foreign word of the day  in Swedish
lussekatt noun
  1. A Swedish bun made with raisins and saffron, often served on St. Lucy's Day.
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St. Lucy's Day; Focus week: Eponyms

14

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Foreign word of the day  in Polish
kuroniówka noun
  1. (historic) hot soup given out to destitute people in Warsaw in the 1990s, sometimes personally by Jacek Kuroń
  2. (historical, informal) unemployment benefit
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Focus week: Eponyms

15

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Foreign word of the day  in Esperanto
kabei verb
  1. (intransitive) to leave the Esperanto movement after having been an active Esperantist
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Zamenhof Day; Focus week: Eponyms

16

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Foreign word of the day  in Finnish
elvistellä verb
  1. (colloquial) to brag, to boast
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Focus week: Eponyms

17

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Foreign word of the day  in Danish
napoleonshat noun
  1. A cake made from a marzipan-containing dough folded like a tricorn and dipped in chocolate.
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Focus week: Eponyms

18

19

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Foreign word of the day  in Ladino
bimuelo noun
  1. A type of fritter eaten by Sephardi Jews during Hanukkah and Pesach.
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First day of Hanukkah

20

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Foreign word of the day  in Vietnamese
thôi noun, verb, interjection, particle
  1. (noun) a long while
  2. (verb) to stop (forever); to cease; to discontinue; to quit
  3. (interjection) Used sentence-initially to express a polite negative: that's it; enough
  4. (particle, colloquial, used sentence-finally) that's all; merely; only; just
  5. (particle, colloquial, used sentence-initially) introduces a new statement that contradicts previously stated statement(s)
  6. (verb) to discolour
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21

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Foreign word of the day  in Greek
καμπούρης (kampoúris) noun
  1. (colloquial) hunchback, humpback (person hunched over or suffering from kyphosis, scoliosis, etc.)
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22

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Foreign word of the day  in Dutch
koperen bout noun
  1. (slang, derogatory, dated) cop, bobby
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23

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Foreign word of the day  in French
piétaille noun
  1. (derogatory, archaic) Foot soldiers; infantry
  2. (derogatory) Pedestrians (in a group)
  3. (figuratively) People of low rank or status
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24

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Foreign word of the day  in Chinese
平安夜 (píng'ānyè) proper noun, noun
  1. (proper noun) Christmas Eve
  2. (noun) quiet and uneventful night
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25

26

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Foreign word of the day  in Latin
cūnābula noun
  1. (especially in the plural) cradle
  2. (metonymically) nest of living things
  3. (metonymically) earliest abode, primary dwelling-place
  4. (metonymically) birth, origin
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27

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Foreign word of the day  in Irish
dabhach noun
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28

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Foreign word of the day  in Sanskrit
हस्त (hásta) noun
  1. the hand
  2. an elephant's trunk
  3. the forearm (a measure of length from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger)
  4. (prosody) an anapest
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29

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Foreign word of the day  in Egyptian
[[ḥwrw#Egyptian|]] (ḥwrw) noun
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30

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Foreign word of the day  in German
zappenduster adjective
  1. (colloquial) completely dark, pitch-black (night)
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31

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Foreign word of the day  in Thai
ปีหน้าฟ้าใหม่ (bpii-nâa-fáa-mài) noun
  1. new year; next year; year to come; year ahead (literally, “next year, new sky”)
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New Year's Eve, Old Year's Day