Wiktionary:Foreign Word of the Day/2022/August

This is the August archive of the Foreign Word of the Day for the year of 2022.

1

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Foreign word of the day  in Spanish
chachí noun
  1. (Argentina) Any of various South American tree ferns, including species of the genera Cyathea (syn. Trichipteris), Alsophila (syn. Nephelea), and Dicksonia.
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2

3

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Foreign word of the day  in Sanskrit
इतिहास (itihāsá) noun
  1. legend; tradition; traditional account of history; story
  2. heroic legend; epic
    (literally, “so it has been”)
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4

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Foreign word of the day  in Basque
porru-hazi noun
  1. (informal) benefit, profit, gain
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5

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Foreign word of the day  in Armenian
ձեռագիր (jeṙagir) noun, adjective
  1. (noun) manuscript
  2. (noun) handwriting
  3. (adjective) handwritten
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6

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Foreign word of the day  in Jamaican Creole
Bustamante backbone noun
  1. Bustamante backbone (hard confection made with grated coconut and ginger)
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Jamaican Independence Day; 60th anniversary of the Independence of Jamaica

7

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Foreign word of the day  in Dutch
zwijntjesjager noun
  1. (Bargoens slang) bicycle thief (literally, “swine hunter”)
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Focus week: Crime

8

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Foreign word of the day  in Polish
amator cudzej własności noun
  1. (idiomatic, humorous) thief (literally, “lover of other's property”)
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Focus week: Crime

9

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Foreign word of the day  in Latin
abāctor noun
  1. A cattle thief; abactor or rustler.
  2. A man who abducts.
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Focus week: Crime

10

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Foreign word of the day  in German
Beischlafdiebstahl noun
  1. postcoital theft, especially by or with prostitutes
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Focus week: Crime

11

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Foreign word of the day  in Chinese
老千 (lǎoqiān / lou5 cin1) noun
  1. (chiefly Cantonese, dialectal Hakka) con man; cheat; swindler
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Focus week: Crime

12

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Foreign word of the day  in Yiddish
הורג (hoyreg) noun
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The Night of the Murdered Poets took place on this date in 1952. Focus week: Crime

13

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Foreign word of the day  in Russian
медвежа́тник (medvežátnik) noun
  1. bear leader
  2. bear hunter
  3. bear trainer
  4. bear enclosure; bear cage
  5. (hunting) broad double-edged knife
  6. (criminal slang) safecracker
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Focus week: Crime

14

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Foreign word of the day  in Hindi
ख़रबूज़ा (xarbūzā) noun
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Today is Melon Day in Turkmenistan.

15

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Foreign word of the day  in Finnish
morkkis noun
  1. (informal) drinker's remorse; hangxiety
  2. (informal) (extreme) remorse about something (e.g. buyer's remorse)
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16

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Foreign word of the day  in Italian
ordigno noun
  1. a complex device; contraption
  2. an explosive device, a bomb
  3. (dialectal) tool
  4. (figurative, obsolete) composition, makeup, structure
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17

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Foreign word of the day  in Egyptian
[[ꜣḫ#Egyptian|]] (ꜣḫ) noun
  1. akh
  2. ghost, spectre, spirit of the dead interfering with the living
  3. Used as an epithet for certain lesser gods and demons
  4. the state of being an akh or qualities pertaining to that state: spiritual power or dignity
  5. mental faculty or skill
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18

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Foreign word of the day  in Middle English
drepen verb
  1. To kill, slay
  2. To strike, hit
  3. (rare) To overcome, vanquish
  4. To drip, spatter
  5. To droop, lower
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19

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Foreign word of the day  in Greek
ρολόι (rolói) noun
  1. clock, timepiece (instrument that measures or keeps track of time)
    1. watch, wristwatch (portable or wearable timepiece)
    2. clock tower (tower with clock with several faces and/or bells)
  2. (figuratively) meter (device that measures things)
  3. (rarely) passion flower (genus Passiflora)
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20

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Foreign word of the day  in Thai
ใส่เกียร์หมา (sài-giia-mǎa) verb
  1. (slang, jocular, derogatory) to run, run away, or escape with great speed (literally, “to insert a dog gear”)
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21

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Foreign word of the day  in Arabic
شِيرَج (šīraj) noun
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22

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Foreign word of the day  in French
orage noun
  1. thunderstorm
  2. storm, upset
  3. (literary) turmoil, tumult
  4. a device on an organ, which produces a "thunder" effect, usually by playing a large cluster chord on the pedalboard
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23

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Foreign word of the day  in Esperanto
kortbirdo noun
  1. domestic fowl (literally, “courtyard bird”)
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24

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Foreign word of the day  in Persian
بید (bid) noun, proper noun
  1. (noun) willow (tree)
  2. (noun) moth; especially, the clothes moth or other types of moths that cause damage to crops or fabric, or the larva thereof
  3. (proper noun, India, obsolete) Veda (Hindu scripture)
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25

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Foreign word of the day  in Vietnamese
ý nhị adjective
  1. full of hidden meaning
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26

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Foreign word of the day  in Irish
biseach noun
  1. intercalary day or year
  2. increase, addition
  3. improvement (especially with regard to health), recovery, recuperation
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27

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Foreign word of the day  in Old High German
wēwurt noun
  1. (poetic) disastrous fate or destiny
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28

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Foreign word of the day  in Kikuyu
nyama noun
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29

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Foreign word of the day  in Ancient Greek
κάμαξ (kámax) noun
  1. vine pole, prop
  2. any pole or shaft
  3. tiller
  4. (in the plural) steering paddles
  5. tent pole
  6. perch for fowls
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30

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Foreign word of the day  in Afrikaans
ounooi noun
  1. (historical) the wife of the baas, lady of the house
  2. old lady
  3. female owner of a pet, mistress
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31

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Foreign word of the day  in Japanese
歩行者天国 (hokōsha tengoku) noun
  1. pedestrian-only street, pedestrian mall (literally, “pedestrian heaven”)
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