Wiktionary:Foreign Word of the Day/2021/September

This is the September archive of the Foreign Word of the Day for the year of 2021.

1

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Foreign word of the day  in Egyptian
[[jzft#Egyptian|]] (jzft) noun
  1. falsehood, lie
  2. wrong, sin, wickedness
  3. injustice, wrong (done to someone)
  4. disorder or chaos in the state or cosmos
  5. (Greco-Roman period) uncleanliness
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2

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Foreign word of the day  in Arabic
كَامِخ / كَامَخ (kāmiḵ / kāmaḵ) noun
  1. a kind of sauce or pickle made of vinegar and sour milk
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3

4

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Foreign word of the day  in Czech
ještě tahat kačera phrase
  1. (colloquial) to still be a small child (refers to the time long ago, when one was still a small child, often in contrast to somebody else who was already adult and experienced in the given time) (literally, “still be pulling a toy duck”)
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Focus week: Idioms and proverbs

5

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Foreign word of the day  in Finnish
Siperia opettaa proverb
  1. one learns the hard way
  2. once bitten, twice shy
    (literally, “Siberia teaches”)
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Focus week: Idioms and proverbs

6

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Foreign word of the day  in Dutch
de dood of de gladiolen phrase
  1. all or nothing; do or die (used to indicate a win-or-lose situation with an uncertain outcome) (literally, “death or the gladioli”)
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Focus week: Idioms and proverbs

7

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Foreign word of the day  in Chinese
不為五斗米折腰 / 不为五斗米折腰 (bù wèi wǔ dǒu mǐ zhéyāo) idiom
  1. to not compromise one's integrity just to earn a small salary in a dead-end job; to not sacrifice one's ideals in order to make a living (literally, “to not bow down for the sake of five pecks of rice”)
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Focus week: Idioms and proverbs

8

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Foreign word of the day  in Latin
ab ovō ūsque ad māla adverb
  1. from the beginning to the end (literally, “from the egg to the apples”)
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Focus week: Idioms and proverbs

9

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Foreign word of the day  in Indonesian
ada udang di balik batu proverb
  1. There is a concealed ulterior motive, especially in a person's words or in a seemingly generous offer or deal (literally, “there is a prawn behind the rock”).
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Focus week: Idioms and proverbs

10

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Foreign word of the day  in Polish
kiełbasa wyborcza noun
  1. gifts, especially food, offered to the electorate to influence voting
  2. an unrealistic election promise, intended to gain votes
  3. a policy change with popular appeal announced shortly before the election to improve the chances of the incumbent party or candidate
    (literally, “election sausage”)
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Focus week: Idioms and proverbs

11

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Foreign word of the day  in Hausa
tā̀kunkùmī noun
  1. muzzle
  2. embargo, economic blockade
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12

13

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Foreign word of the day  in Old English
nosþȳrel noun
  1. a nostril (literally, “nose hole”)
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14

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Foreign word of the day  in Italian
sgominare verb
  1. (transitive) to defeat, overcome, vanquish
  2. (transitive) to rout
  3. (transitive, archaic) to mess up
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15

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Foreign word of the day  in Korean
까마귀 고기를 먹었나 (kkamagwi gogireul meogeonna) idiom
  1. Used to criticize or tease someone for forgetting something (literally, “did [you/he/she/they] eat crow meat”, cf. eat crow).
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16

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Foreign word of the day  in Persian
رواج (ravâj) noun
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17

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Foreign word of the day  in Vietnamese
chủng ngừa verb
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18

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Foreign word of the day  in Hungarian
tehetség noun
  1. talent (marked natural ability or skill)
  2. talent (talented person)
  3. (archaic, dialectal) financial capacity, means
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19

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Foreign word of the day  in Danish
splitte mine bramsejl interjection, adverb
  1. (interjection) Generic exclamation associated with pirate stereotypes: shiver me timbers.
  2. (adverb) Intensifier associated with pirate stereotypes.
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International Talk Like a Pirate Day

20

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Foreign word of the day  in French
pense-bête noun
  1. (informal) reminder
  2. post-it note
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21

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Foreign word of the day  in Chinese
賞月 / 赏月 (shǎngyuè) verb
  1. to view the moon; to enjoy the moon
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22

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Foreign word of the day  in Russian
гла́сный (glásnyj) adjective, noun
  1. (noun, relational adjective, phonetics) vowel
  2. (adjective) public, open
  3. (historical) town councillor (member of the city duma)
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23

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Foreign word of the day  in Vietnamese
buồn adjective, verb
  1. (adjective) sad
  2. (adjective, different etymology) ticklish (when stroked)
  3. (verb, in fixed expressions) to have a strong need to do something
  4. (verb) to feel an itch (to do something); to feel like
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24

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Foreign word of the day  in German
Stehaufmännchen noun
  1. roly-poly (toy that rights itself when pushed over)
  2. (figurative) someone who easily recovers from setbacks
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25

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Foreign word of the day  in Yoruba
ọkàn noun
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26

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Foreign word of the day  in Japanese
狸寝入り (tanukineiri) noun
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27

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Foreign word of the day  in Ancient Greek
ᾱ̔λῐ́ζω (halízō) verb
  1. (transitive) To gather, assemble, meet, collect
  2. (transitive, Attic, Koine) To make salty; to salt
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28

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Foreign word of the day  in Hungarian
kukac noun
  1. maggot (soft, legless larva of a fly or other dipterous insect)
  2. (Internet) at sign, at (the symbol @)
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29

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Foreign word of the day  in Portuguese
la garantia soy yo phrase
  1. (Brazil, humorous) you will have to take my word
  2. (Brazil, sarcastic) implies that someone who is demanding trust cannot be trusted or depended on; source: trust me bro
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30

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Foreign word of the day  in Thai
อม (om) verb
  1. to hold in the mouth (for various purposes, such as for letting the thing held dissolve in the mouth or for sucking that thing).
  2. (slang) to hold inside; to keep within; to avoid showing or expressing.
  3. (slang, of a feeling, emotion, condition, etc., especially an unfavourable one) to experience; to undergo; to be consumed (by).
  4. (slang) to appropriate; to embezzle.
  5. to mix; to contain a mixture (of).
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