Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wer-

*wer-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

Root

  1. to burn

Derived terms

  • *wōr-
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *wārīˀtei
      • Latgalian: vōreit
      • Latvian: vàrît (alternatively a borrowing from Slavic)
      • Proto-Slavic: *variti (see there for further descendants)
  • *werH-u-s
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *wārús
      • Lithuanian: varùs
      • Proto-Slavic: *varъ (see there for further descendants)
  • *wr̥H-
  • *werneh₂-
    • Proto-Celtic: *branos (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (urāni, burns)[1]
      • Hittite: 𒉿𒊏 (wa-ar, to burn)
    • Balto-Slavic:

Root

*wer-[2][3]

  1. to watch; to keep guard, cover
  2. to notice, heed, be aware (of), be wary (of)

Derived terms

  • *wr̥-néw-ti (néw-present)
  • *wor-t-ús, *wor-t-ós
    • Proto-Germanic: *wardaz (guard, keeper), *werdaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *wer-eh₁-(ye)-ti (stative)
  • *wor-eh₂-ye-ti
    • Proto-Germanic: *warōną (to watch, to protect) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic: *worā́ō
      • Ancient Greek: ὁράω (horáō, see)
  • *wor-weh₂?
    • Proto-Hellenic: *worwā
      • Ancient Greek: ὤρα (ṓra, care, concern)
  • *wor-(w)os?
  • *wor-o-s
    • Proto-Germanic: *waraz (cautious) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *wā́ras
  • *wor-yo-s
  • *wor-n-éh₂
    • Proto-Germanic: *warnō (warding off; refusal, denial; warning?)
      • ? Proto-Germanic: *warnōną (to warn) (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-West Germanic: *warnu (see there for further descendants)
        • Proto-West Germanic: *warnijan (to refuse, deny) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Albanian:
      • Albanian: vërej (look, observe)
    • Proto-Celtic: *werati
      • Old Irish: feraid (to grant, provide)
    • Proto-Germanic: *warjaną (ward off) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *wáras

Root

*wer-

  1. squirrel or marten

Derived terms

References

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*vьrěti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 537
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vereor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 665
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • Watkins, Calvert. Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. 1969.